SQ3R Reading Method
The SQ3R method has been developed to enable you to study
a chapter from any textbook in an organized fashion. The SQ3R method
is a combination of reading and studying. Once learned, it takes
less time than working through the two processes separately. It
does call for effort, but it aids concentration and improves recall. The
SQ3R technique has five parts.
1. S - Survey
Get an overview of the chapter by:
a. Reading the chapter title
b. Reading the introduction
c. Reading the boldfaced headings
d. Looking at the pictures, diagrams, tables, etc.
e. Reading the summary
2. Q - Questions
For each section, change boldface heading into questions. List them,
leaving about three inches of space between them. Two good
types of questions are "Define..." and "Compare...". Try to predict
questions your instructor may ask.
b. Headings of pictures, diagrams, and tables
c. Phrases in italics
3. R1 - Read
Read to the end of the section, looking for answers to your questions.
Write the answers in your own words, using short phrases.
4. R2 - Recite
Ask yourself each question while covering the answer with a piece of paper.
Then check your answer. If it was incorrect or incomplete, mark
the question for extra study. Now repeat Steps 2, 3, and 4 with
the next section of your textbook.
5. R3 - Review
Go over the material within 24 hours, frequently after that, and just
before your examination. Pay special attention to questions you
had trouble with on the first reading. You can adapt the method
to suit the type of textbook you are using, the course demands, and your
own style. Try varying the number of questions and the size of the
section you read at one time. Try writing your questions above the
headings and the answers in the margins of your book. If the material
is easy, predict answers to your questions, then read to check your answers.