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Trees > Celestraceae - Fabaceae

Celestraceae - Burning Bush Family

Common & Scientific Name

Description Uses

Burning Bush
Eunonymus sp.
tree image

Shrub to 25ft; bark smooth gray; leaves opposite, elliptic,  finely serrate and fine-haired underneath. Axillary cymes of 7 or more purple flowers appear during June;  fruit  scarlet, four-lobed capsule containing brown seeds with scarlet arils ! Warning, leaves, bark, and  fruits are poisonous! Contains Cholagogue (increases flow of bile to the intestine), used as diuretic, expectorant, laxative, and tonic.
   
Cornaceae - Dogwood Family

Common & Scientific Name

Description Uses
Alternate-Leaf Dogwood
Cornus alternifolia
tree image
Shrub to 25ft; alternate, ovate leaves with entire margins; fruits small, fleshy and clustered at twig ends, blue-black with red stems Fruits eaten by many birds, including ruffed grouse; twigs browsed on by deer and rabbits

Silky Dogwood
Cornus ammonum
tree image
Shrub to 15ft; oval, opposite leaves; stems hairy when young but usually become smooth with age, green at first but become reddish or purplish; pith brown. Silky Dogwood was known as kinnikinnick by the Indians who reportedly smoked the inner bark for its alleged tonic affect

Flowering Dogwood
Cornus florida
tree image
Showy deciduous tree, 10-30ft; leaves ovate; veins follow leaf margins; flowers white or pink with 4 bracts surrounding true flowers; fruits scarlet, dry, and inedible Astringent root-bark tea used during Civil war for malarial fevers and chronic diarrhea; twigs used as "chewing sticks" before toothbrushes were invented; contains verbanalin which has been reported as pain-reducer, anti-inflammatory, and cough suppressant
   
Cupressaceae - Cedar Family

Common & Scientific Name

Description Uses
Northern White Cedar
Thuja occidentalis
tree image
Evergreen tree, to 60ft; leaves scalelike and in flattened sprays; cones small, bell-shaped, with loose scales;

! Leaf oil is toxic!; Native Americans used leaf tea for headaches and colds; inner-bark tea used for congestion and coughs;

   
Eleagnaceae

Common & Scientific Name

Description Uses
Russian Olive
Eleagnus angustifolia
tree image
Exotic shrub from Europe; linear, green leaves with silver scale-like pubescence underneath; stems have silver scale-like pubescence; bark is reddish-brown and thin, with shallow fissures, and exfoliates into long strips. Promoted as a suitable windbreak species, as living snow fences, for erosion control and as a food source, particularly in the form of the edible fruits, for birds and other wildlife
   
Ericaceae - HeathFamily

Common & Scientific Name

Description Uses
Blueberry
Vaccinium sp. 
tree image
Shrub; alternate, leathery, deciduous,  leaves; blue berry fruit; Fruits consumed by humans and wildlife.
   
Fabaceae - Family

Common & Scientific Name

Description Uses
Black Locust
Robinia psuedoacacia
Deciduous tree that grows 70-90ft; has paired thorns; leaves alternate, pinnately compound with 7-21 oval to elliptic shaped leaflets; flowers white, fragrant, and in racemes; small, smooth pods. Root used as a purgative and emetic in China. Flowers contain robinin, a glucoside that is an experimental diuretic.