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FSU Tag Line


Caracal caracal caracal



Average size: It can grow up to 3 feet in body length and sport a tail about a third of its body size. They can also get to be between 17 to 41 lbs, depending on gender, age, and habitat.

Average lifespan: up to 19 years

Range/distribution Map

Habitat description: Caracals actively maintain a rather large home range for their relatively small size. Climate, region, and sex all influence the size of an individual’s home range. The home range of a male is typically twice that of a female. Home range size is also influenced by the availability of water. The habitat of the caracal varies depending on the location within its range, which spreads from Central and Southern Africa (excluding the areas of dense tropical vegetation along the equator), through parts of the Middle East and Southern Asia across into India.

Behavior and diet: Caracals are strict carnivores. The bulk of the diet is made up of hyraxes, hares, rodents, antelopes, small monkeys, and birds. Doves and partridge in particular, are seasonally important. Mountain reedbucks, Dorcas gazelles, Kori bustards, mountain gazelles, gerenuks and Sharpe’s grysboks are specific examples of what caracals might hunt. Caracals consume some reptiles, although this is not a common component of the diet.

Current news/event & conservation status: The Caracal is not under threat at this current time.


Fun Facts:

Caracals' ears are each controlled by about 20 muscles to help these hunters better determine where prey is hiding; the tufts of fur offer an added advantage in pinpointing prey.

The pupils of a caracal's eyes contract to circles rather than slits.